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Epitaxial bain paths and metastable phases of tetragonal iron and manganese

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Date Issued:
2002
Summary:
Epitaxial Bain paths and metastable states of tetragonal Fe and Mn have been studied by first-principles total-energy calculations using the full-potential linearized-augmented-plane-wave method. The main accomplishments are as follows. (1) We have performed the first ever EBP calculation of tetragonal antiferromagnetic (AF) Mn showing that when grown epitaxially on Pd(001), the AF Mn film is strained gamma-Mn, but grown on V(001) the film is strained delta-Mn, which could not be determined using the available crystallographic and elastic data because they were obtained from unstrained states. (2) We have calculated the EBP's of Fe at zero pressure in four magnetic phases, i.e., ferromagnetic (FM), nonmagnetic (NM), type-I antiferromagnetic (AF1), and type-II antiferromagnetic (AF2), which show that the AF2 is the phase of the bulk of epitaxial Fe films on Cu(001) and it is unstable for [110] and [010] shears in the (001) plane, but it can be stabilized by epitaxy on Cu(001). (3)We have unified and simplified the theory of elasticity under hydrostatic pressure p at zero temperature using the Gibbs free energy G, rather than the energy E. The minima of G, but not E, with respect to strains at the equilibrium structure give the zero temperature elastic constants; the stability of a phase at p is then determined by the same Born stability conditions used at p = 0 when applied to the elastic constants from G. The EBP's of FM Fe under hydrostatic pressure show that the bcc phase exists up to 1500 kbar. A bct phase is shown to come into existence at 1300 kbar and becomes stable at 1825 kbar and above. (4) Based on this dissertation research five papers have been published in refereed journals.
Title: Epitaxial bain paths and metastable phases of tetragonal iron and manganese.
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Name(s): Ma, Hong
Florida Atlantic University, Degree Grantor
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Department of Physics
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2002
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 154 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Epitaxial Bain paths and metastable states of tetragonal Fe and Mn have been studied by first-principles total-energy calculations using the full-potential linearized-augmented-plane-wave method. The main accomplishments are as follows. (1) We have performed the first ever EBP calculation of tetragonal antiferromagnetic (AF) Mn showing that when grown epitaxially on Pd(001), the AF Mn film is strained gamma-Mn, but grown on V(001) the film is strained delta-Mn, which could not be determined using the available crystallographic and elastic data because they were obtained from unstrained states. (2) We have calculated the EBP's of Fe at zero pressure in four magnetic phases, i.e., ferromagnetic (FM), nonmagnetic (NM), type-I antiferromagnetic (AF1), and type-II antiferromagnetic (AF2), which show that the AF2 is the phase of the bulk of epitaxial Fe films on Cu(001) and it is unstable for [110] and [010] shears in the (001) plane, but it can be stabilized by epitaxy on Cu(001). (3)We have unified and simplified the theory of elasticity under hydrostatic pressure p at zero temperature using the Gibbs free energy G, rather than the energy E. The minima of G, but not E, with respect to strains at the equilibrium structure give the zero temperature elastic constants; the stability of a phase at p is then determined by the same Born stability conditions used at p = 0 when applied to the elastic constants from G. The EBP's of FM Fe under hydrostatic pressure show that the bcc phase exists up to 1500 kbar. A bct phase is shown to come into existence at 1300 kbar and becomes stable at 1825 kbar and above. (4) Based on this dissertation research five papers have been published in refereed journals.
Identifier: 9780493912967 (isbn), 12021 (digitool), FADT12021 (IID), fau:8936 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Adviser: Shen Li Qiu.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2002.
Subject(s): Physics, Condensed Matter
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FADT12021
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.