You are here

Using Low-Cost Multi-Depth Samplers to Characterize the Variability of Specific Conductance in Coastal South Florida Beaches

Download pdf | Full Screen View

Date Issued:
2020
Abstract/Description:
A small body of saline rich water rests in the saturated zone between the foredune and the shoreline at certain beaches. This region is beneath the water table and the top of the fresher groundwater, known as the Upper Saline Plume (USP). The USP is significant because density driven flow and chemical fluxes between freshwater, rainwater, and seawater contribute to biogeochemical processes in the subterranean estuary (Duque et al. 2020). The occurrence of the USP has been observed along beaches that have a moderate to gentle slope, fine to medium grain size, and higher wave energy. The goal of this study was to determine if conditions for the presence of USP are consistent throughout different coastal beaches in southeast Florida while mapping the groundwater salinity across the beach. To identify the existence and delimit the boundary interface of the USP in the southeastern coast of Florida, multi–depth samplers were designed, built, and deployed along cross-shore transects at Jupiter and Gulfstream Beaches in Palm Beach County, FL. Groundwater samples were extracted along the transects to measure specific conductance. Although this study did not confirm the existence of the USP in South Florida beaches, an intermediate zone of water that is in-between the specific conductance ranges of relatively freshwater and relatively salty water was identified. Furthermore, the size of this intermediate zone was corresponded with beach slope, showing larger intermediate zones for steeper slopes and vice versa. Finally, temporal changes in the location and morphology of this intermediate zone were also identified in relation to a distinct disturbance event (Hurricane Isaias) which resulted in elevated ocean water levels.
Title: Using Low-Cost Multi-Depth Samplers to Characterize the Variability of Specific Conductance in Coastal South Florida Beaches.
3 views
1 downloads
Name(s): Shaver, Kyle David , author
Root, Tara, Thesis advisor
Briggs, Tiffany Roberts, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Geosciences
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2020
Date Issued: 2020
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 78 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: A small body of saline rich water rests in the saturated zone between the foredune and the shoreline at certain beaches. This region is beneath the water table and the top of the fresher groundwater, known as the Upper Saline Plume (USP). The USP is significant because density driven flow and chemical fluxes between freshwater, rainwater, and seawater contribute to biogeochemical processes in the subterranean estuary (Duque et al. 2020). The occurrence of the USP has been observed along beaches that have a moderate to gentle slope, fine to medium grain size, and higher wave energy. The goal of this study was to determine if conditions for the presence of USP are consistent throughout different coastal beaches in southeast Florida while mapping the groundwater salinity across the beach. To identify the existence and delimit the boundary interface of the USP in the southeastern coast of Florida, multi–depth samplers were designed, built, and deployed along cross-shore transects at Jupiter and Gulfstream Beaches in Palm Beach County, FL. Groundwater samples were extracted along the transects to measure specific conductance. Although this study did not confirm the existence of the USP in South Florida beaches, an intermediate zone of water that is in-between the specific conductance ranges of relatively freshwater and relatively salty water was identified. Furthermore, the size of this intermediate zone was corresponded with beach slope, showing larger intermediate zones for steeper slopes and vice versa. Finally, temporal changes in the location and morphology of this intermediate zone were also identified in relation to a distinct disturbance event (Hurricane Isaias) which resulted in elevated ocean water levels.
Identifier: FA00013625 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2020.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Beaches--Florida
Freshwater
Seawater
Water resources--Management
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013625
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.