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Quantum-Resistant Key Agreement and Key Encapsulation

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Date Issued:
2018
Abstract/Description:
We explore quantum-resistant key establishment and hybrid encryption. We nd that while the discrete logarithm problem is e ciently solved by a quantum computer using Shor's algorithm, some instances are insecure even using classical computers. The discrete logarithm problem based on a symmetric group Sn is e - ciently solved in polynomial time. We design a PUF-based 4-round group key establishment protocol, adjusting the model to include a physical channel capable of PUF transmission, and modify adversarial capabilities with respect to the PUFs. The result is a novel group key establishment protocol which avoids computational hardness assumptions and achieves key secrecy. We contribute a hybrid encryption scheme by combining a key encapsulation mechanism (KEM) with a symmetric key encryption scheme by using two hash functions. We require only one-way security in the quantum random oracle model (QROM) of the KEM and one-time security of the symmetric encryption scheme in the QROM. We show that this hybrid scheme is IND-CCA secure in the QROM. We rely on a powerful theorem by Unruh that provides an upper bound on indistinguishability between the output of a random oracle and a random string, when the oracle can be accessed in quantum superposition. Our result contributes to the available IND-CCA secure encryption schemes in a setting where quantum computers are under adversarial control. Finally, we develop a framework and describe biometric visual cryptographic schemes generically under our framework. We formalize several security notions and de nitions including sheet indistinguishability, perfect indistinguishability, index recovery, perfect index privacy, and perfect resistance against false authentication. We also propose new and generic strategies for attacking e-BVC schemes such as new distinguishing attack, new index recovery, and new authentication attack. Our quantitative analysis veri es the practical impact of our framework and o ers concrete upper bounds on the security of e-BVC.
Title: Quantum-Resistant Key Agreement and Key Encapsulation.
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Name(s): Robinson, Angela, author
Steinwandt, Rainer, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Department of Mathematical Sciences
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2018
Date Issued: 2018
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 89 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: We explore quantum-resistant key establishment and hybrid encryption. We nd that while the discrete logarithm problem is e ciently solved by a quantum computer using Shor's algorithm, some instances are insecure even using classical computers. The discrete logarithm problem based on a symmetric group Sn is e - ciently solved in polynomial time. We design a PUF-based 4-round group key establishment protocol, adjusting the model to include a physical channel capable of PUF transmission, and modify adversarial capabilities with respect to the PUFs. The result is a novel group key establishment protocol which avoids computational hardness assumptions and achieves key secrecy. We contribute a hybrid encryption scheme by combining a key encapsulation mechanism (KEM) with a symmetric key encryption scheme by using two hash functions. We require only one-way security in the quantum random oracle model (QROM) of the KEM and one-time security of the symmetric encryption scheme in the QROM. We show that this hybrid scheme is IND-CCA secure in the QROM. We rely on a powerful theorem by Unruh that provides an upper bound on indistinguishability between the output of a random oracle and a random string, when the oracle can be accessed in quantum superposition. Our result contributes to the available IND-CCA secure encryption schemes in a setting where quantum computers are under adversarial control. Finally, we develop a framework and describe biometric visual cryptographic schemes generically under our framework. We formalize several security notions and de nitions including sheet indistinguishability, perfect indistinguishability, index recovery, perfect index privacy, and perfect resistance against false authentication. We also propose new and generic strategies for attacking e-BVC schemes such as new distinguishing attack, new index recovery, and new authentication attack. Our quantitative analysis veri es the practical impact of our framework and o ers concrete upper bounds on the security of e-BVC.
Identifier: FA00013023 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2018.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Quantum computing
Data encryption (Computer science)
Cryptography
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013023
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Owner Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.