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Neuronal autophagy activity is essential for insulin growth factor signaling-regulated lifespan extension in C. elegans

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Date Issued:
2015
Summary:
The conserved insulin growth factor IGF signaling pathway is one of the major regulators of lifespan in many species including C. elegans. In C. elegans the insulin/IGF-like receptor is encoded by the daf-2 gene, mutations in which result in lifespan extension. The daf-2 activity in the nervous system controls these phenotypes cell nonautonomously. Interestingly, the longevity phenotype of daf-2 mutant worms is dependent on macroautophagy hereafter autophagy. Autophagy is a highly conserved lysosomal degradation pathway involved in the removal of long-lived proteins and cytoplasmic organelles. During autophagy, cellular components are sequestered into the double-membrane autophagosomes and delivered to lysosomes for degradation. Increasing evidence has emerged that the autophagy process is a central regulator of lifespan that is required for the effects of DAF-2 signaling, dietary restriction and some mitochondrial mutations on C. elegans longevity. It is unknown however whether autophagy activity in every tissue or in a single tissue mediates the influence of these longevity signals. To address this question, we examined the tissue requirement of the autophagy gene atg-18 for the lifespan of wild type animals and the daf-2 mutant. We discovered that neurons and intestinal cells are two key tissues where atg-18 mediates the effect of DAF-2 insulin-like signaling on lifespan, suggesting autophagy acts cell nonautonomously in controlling C. elegans adult longevity. Moreover, we found that neuronal release of neuropeptides is required for the cell non-autonomous function of neuronal autophagy activity in controlling C. elegans lifespan.
Title: Neuronal autophagy activity is essential for insulin growth factor signaling-regulated lifespan extension in C. elegans.
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Name(s): Minnerly, Justin
Jia, Kailiang
Zhang, Jiuli
Graduate College
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Poster
Date Created: 2015
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 1 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: The conserved insulin growth factor IGF signaling pathway is one of the major regulators of lifespan in many species including C. elegans. In C. elegans the insulin/IGF-like receptor is encoded by the daf-2 gene, mutations in which result in lifespan extension. The daf-2 activity in the nervous system controls these phenotypes cell nonautonomously. Interestingly, the longevity phenotype of daf-2 mutant worms is dependent on macroautophagy hereafter autophagy. Autophagy is a highly conserved lysosomal degradation pathway involved in the removal of long-lived proteins and cytoplasmic organelles. During autophagy, cellular components are sequestered into the double-membrane autophagosomes and delivered to lysosomes for degradation. Increasing evidence has emerged that the autophagy process is a central regulator of lifespan that is required for the effects of DAF-2 signaling, dietary restriction and some mitochondrial mutations on C. elegans longevity. It is unknown however whether autophagy activity in every tissue or in a single tissue mediates the influence of these longevity signals. To address this question, we examined the tissue requirement of the autophagy gene atg-18 for the lifespan of wild type animals and the daf-2 mutant. We discovered that neurons and intestinal cells are two key tissues where atg-18 mediates the effect of DAF-2 insulin-like signaling on lifespan, suggesting autophagy acts cell nonautonomously in controlling C. elegans adult longevity. Moreover, we found that neuronal release of neuropeptides is required for the cell non-autonomous function of neuronal autophagy activity in controlling C. elegans lifespan.
Identifier: FA00005900 (IID)
Collection: FAU Student Research Digital Collection
Note(s): The Sixth Annual Graduate Research Day was organized by Florida Atlantic University’s Graduate Student Association. Graduate students from FAU Colleges present abstracts of original research and posters in a competition for monetary prizes, awards, and recognition.
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00005900
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.