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social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture

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Date Issued:
2012
Summary:
Shrimp mariculture expansion in developing countries has been criticized for its ecological destruction and the resulting social conflicts. In Ecuador, shrimp pond development particularly affects rural, coastal communities. This study addresses the environmental and social effects of shrimp farming in two Ecuadorian villages, Muisne and Bunche. Interview and survey responses indicate that locals have an overall negative view of the industry. In some instances, such as increased class marginalization through reduced access to subsistence collection areas, shrimp farming directly results in conflict. However, the data also demonstrates that ponds are only one of various stressors on mangrove ecosystems. Furthermore, mariculture provides benefits to the community, including increasing employment opportunities, the local economy, and shrimp availability. In spite of these benefits, local negative perception suggests modifications to existing regulations and educational programs are necessary to minimize impacts and help the community understand the multiple factors affecting their ecosystem and livelihoods.
Title: The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador.
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Name(s): Crider, Mary C.
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Department of Environmental Sciences
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Issued: 2012
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Physical Form: electronic
Extent: xi, 113 p. : ill. (some col.)
Language(s): English
Summary: Shrimp mariculture expansion in developing countries has been criticized for its ecological destruction and the resulting social conflicts. In Ecuador, shrimp pond development particularly affects rural, coastal communities. This study addresses the environmental and social effects of shrimp farming in two Ecuadorian villages, Muisne and Bunche. Interview and survey responses indicate that locals have an overall negative view of the industry. In some instances, such as increased class marginalization through reduced access to subsistence collection areas, shrimp farming directly results in conflict. However, the data also demonstrates that ponds are only one of various stressors on mangrove ecosystems. Furthermore, mariculture provides benefits to the community, including increasing employment opportunities, the local economy, and shrimp availability. In spite of these benefits, local negative perception suggests modifications to existing regulations and educational programs are necessary to minimize impacts and help the community understand the multiple factors affecting their ecosystem and livelihoods.
Identifier: 794175541 (oclc), 3342043 (digitool), FADT3342043 (IID), fau:3847 (fedora)
Note(s): by Mary C. Crider.
Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2012.
Includes bibliography.
Electronic reproduction. Boca Raton, Fla., 2012. Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Subject(s): Mariculture -- Ecuador -- Environmental aspects -- Case studies
Mariculture -- Ecuador -- Social aspects -- Case studies
Mariculture -- Ecuador -- Economic aspects -- Case studies
Ecosystem management -- Ecuador -- Case studies
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3342043
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Owner Institution: FAU