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Determination and evaluation of electrical properties of metal-containing condensation polymers

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Date Issued:
2009
Summary:
Doped electrically conductive polymers are one of the critical materials that have allowed the current technological revolution. Essentially all of today's applications of doped conductive polymers involve vinyl-related polymers. While the application of conductive polymers is rapidly increasing, there is need for additional materials with different electrical behaviors. The current focus is on studying condensation polymers that contain a metal atom and the possibility of undergoing entire chain delocalization of electrons. The different series of organometallic condensation polymers were synthesized by employing interfacial polycondensation technique and characterization of these products were carried out using standard techniques like light scattering photometer, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectroscopy (MALDI TOF MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). The electrical measurements were carried out employing Genrad 1650-B impedance spectroscopy. Prior studies conducted in this area have led to the pathway of looking at two aspects; first, surveying 60 metal-containing polymers that can undergo entire chain delocalization studying the effect of different substituents on their electrical properties and secondly, doping selected candidates employing iodine. The products derived from 2-nitro-1,4-phenylenediamine and N-methyl-1,4- pheneylenediamines with titanocene dichloride exhibited about 10 3 to 10 5 fold magnitude increases in the electrical conductivity on doping with iodine, moving it near conductive region. This increase is dependent on the concentration of the iodine and is cyclic. The results support the starting premise that selected metal-containing condensation polymers can be doped to increase their electrical conductivity.
Title: Determination and evaluation of electrical properties of metal-containing condensation polymers.
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Name(s): Battin, Amitabh J.
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2009
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Physical Form: electronic
Extent: xxiv, 201 p. : ill. (some col.)
Language(s): English
Summary: Doped electrically conductive polymers are one of the critical materials that have allowed the current technological revolution. Essentially all of today's applications of doped conductive polymers involve vinyl-related polymers. While the application of conductive polymers is rapidly increasing, there is need for additional materials with different electrical behaviors. The current focus is on studying condensation polymers that contain a metal atom and the possibility of undergoing entire chain delocalization of electrons. The different series of organometallic condensation polymers were synthesized by employing interfacial polycondensation technique and characterization of these products were carried out using standard techniques like light scattering photometer, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectroscopy (MALDI TOF MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). The electrical measurements were carried out employing Genrad 1650-B impedance spectroscopy. Prior studies conducted in this area have led to the pathway of looking at two aspects; first, surveying 60 metal-containing polymers that can undergo entire chain delocalization studying the effect of different substituents on their electrical properties and secondly, doping selected candidates employing iodine. The products derived from 2-nitro-1,4-phenylenediamine and N-methyl-1,4- pheneylenediamines with titanocene dichloride exhibited about 10 3 to 10 5 fold magnitude increases in the electrical conductivity on doping with iodine, moving it near conductive region. This increase is dependent on the concentration of the iodine and is cyclic. The results support the starting premise that selected metal-containing condensation polymers can be doped to increase their electrical conductivity.
Summary: Further investigation is warranted to see if metal-containing condensation polymers can be important materials in the electronic industry. This research sets the stage for studying not only metal-containing polymeric materials but also to investigate the ability to increase the conductivity of other condensation polymers such as nylons and polyesters through doping.
Identifier: 427366417 (oclc), 216415 (digitool), FADT216415 (IID), fau:3438 (fedora)
Note(s): by Amitabh J. Battin.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2009.
Includes bibliography.
Electronic reproduction. Boca Raton, Fla., 2009. Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Subject(s): Polycondensation
Condensation products (Chemistry)
Polymers and polymerization
Polymers -- Electric properties
Held by: FBoU FAUER
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/216415
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Owner Institution: FAU