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Paleopathology of human remains from the Plaza San Marcos, Quito, Ecuador

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Date Issued:
2009
Summary:
Skeletal remains provide an exceptional opportunity to document the biological adaptations that a population undergoes in response to environmental, political and economic changes (Perry, 2007). For over 35 years, bioarchaeological analyses have documented such changes indigenous Ecuadorians. In 2007, Victoria Dominguez excavated remains at the Plaza San Marcos in Quito, Ecuador. I analyzed these remains, documented evidence of pathologic conditions and trauma, and compared this native population to other indigenous populations and to European cohorts. My analyses revealed increased violence and pathologic conditions in the Plaza San Marcos population when compared to populations occupying Quito prior to colonization and during Spanish control. Indigenous remains also exhibited more pathologic conditions and trauma than European remains. Historic accounts of life in Quito describe increased violence and hardships for natives following emancipation from Spain. My analyses did not reveal increased interpersonal violence, but did demonstrate evidence of increased general pathologies following independence.
Title: Paleopathology of human remains from the Plaza San Marcos, Quito, Ecuador.
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Name(s): Graves, Ronda R.
Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters
Department of Anthropology
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Issued: 2009
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Physical Form: electronic
Extent: xii, 528 p. : ill. (some col.)
Language(s): English
Summary: Skeletal remains provide an exceptional opportunity to document the biological adaptations that a population undergoes in response to environmental, political and economic changes (Perry, 2007). For over 35 years, bioarchaeological analyses have documented such changes indigenous Ecuadorians. In 2007, Victoria Dominguez excavated remains at the Plaza San Marcos in Quito, Ecuador. I analyzed these remains, documented evidence of pathologic conditions and trauma, and compared this native population to other indigenous populations and to European cohorts. My analyses revealed increased violence and pathologic conditions in the Plaza San Marcos population when compared to populations occupying Quito prior to colonization and during Spanish control. Indigenous remains also exhibited more pathologic conditions and trauma than European remains. Historic accounts of life in Quito describe increased violence and hardships for natives following emancipation from Spain. My analyses did not reveal increased interpersonal violence, but did demonstrate evidence of increased general pathologies following independence.
Identifier: 427366438 (oclc), 216408 (digitool), FADT216408 (IID), fau:3432 (fedora)
Note(s): by Ronda R. Graves.
Thesis M.A.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2009.
Includes bibliography.
Electronic reproduction. Boca Raton, Fla., 2009. Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Subject(s): Indians of South America -- Ecuador -- Quito Region -- Antiquities
Indians of South America -- Anthropometry -- Ecuador -- Quito Region
Human remains (Archaeology) -- Ecuador -- Quito Region
Paleopathology
Plaza San Marcos (Quito, Ecuador) -- Antiquities
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/216408
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Owner Institution: FAU