You are here

Effects of Adaptive Antenna Array Beamforming and Power Management with Antenna Element Selection

Download pdf | Full Screen View

Date Issued:
2016
Summary:
This research is the array processing help wireless communication techniques to increase the signal accuracy. This technique has an important part of prevalent applications. The wireless communication system, radar, and sonar. Beamforming is one of methods in array processing that filters signals based on their capture time at each element in an array of antennas spatially. Numerous studies in adaptive array processing have been proposed in the last several decades, which are divided in two parts. The first one related to non-adaptive beamforming techniques and the next one related to digitally adaptive Beamforming methods. The trade-off between computational complexity and performance make them different. In this thesis, we concentrate on the expansion of array processing algorithms in both non-adaptive and adaptive ones with application of beamforming in 4G mobile antenna and radar systems. The conventional and generalized side-lobe canceller (GSC) structures beamforming algorithms were employed with a phase array antenna that changed the phase of arrivals in array antenna with common phased array structure antennas. An eight-element uniform linear array (ULA), consisting of di-pole antennas, represented as the antenna array. An anechoic chamber measures the operation of beamforming algorithms performance. An extended modified Kaiser weighting function is proposed to make a semi-adaptive structure in phased array beamforming. This technique is extended to low complexity functions like hyperbolic cosine and exponential functions. Furthermore, these algorithms are used in GSC beamforming. The side-lobe levels were so lower than other algorithms in conventional beamforming around -10 dB. On the other hand, a uniform linear arrays for smart antenna purposes designed to utilize in implementing and testing the proposed algorithms. In this thesis, performance of smart antenna with rectangular aperture coupled microstrip linear array which experimental investigations carried out for obtaining X-band operation of rectangular microstrip antenna by using aperture coupled feeding technique. Frequency range set at approximately 8.6 to 10.9 GHz, by incorporating frequency range of the antenna resonates for single wideband with an impedance bandwidth of 23%. The enhancement of impedance bandwidth and gain does not affect the nature of broadside radiation characteristics. This thesis describes the design, operation, and realization of the beamforming such as Sidelobe level (SLL) control and null forming array antenna are examined with the prototype. An antenna radiation pattern beam maximum can be simultaneously placed towards the intended user or Signal of interest (SOl), and, ideally nulls can be positioned towards directions of interfering signals or signals not of interest (SNOIs). Finally, we focused on the adaptive digitally algorithms in compact antenna that faces with mutual coupling. The variable step-size normalized lease mean square (VS-NLMS) algorithm is implemented in beamforming. This algorithm utilizes continuous adaptation. The weights are attuned that the final weight vector to the most satisfied result. The gradient vector can be achieved by iterative beamforming algorithm from the available data. This algorithm is compared with LMS, NLMS, VSS-NLMS algorithms, it is determined that the VSS-NLMS algorithm is better performance to other algorithms. Finally, we introduced novel adaptive IP-NNLMS beamformer. This beamformer reaches to faster convergence and lower error floor than the previous adaptive beamformers even at low SNRs in presence of mutual coupling. The experimental results verified the simulation results that the proposed technique has better performance than other algorithms in various situations.
Title: Effects of Adaptive Antenna Array Beamforming and Power Management with Antenna Element Selection.
158 views
15 downloads
Name(s): Abazari Aghdam, Sajjad, author
Bagby, Jonathan S., Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2016
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 191 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: This research is the array processing help wireless communication techniques to increase the signal accuracy. This technique has an important part of prevalent applications. The wireless communication system, radar, and sonar. Beamforming is one of methods in array processing that filters signals based on their capture time at each element in an array of antennas spatially. Numerous studies in adaptive array processing have been proposed in the last several decades, which are divided in two parts. The first one related to non-adaptive beamforming techniques and the next one related to digitally adaptive Beamforming methods. The trade-off between computational complexity and performance make them different. In this thesis, we concentrate on the expansion of array processing algorithms in both non-adaptive and adaptive ones with application of beamforming in 4G mobile antenna and radar systems. The conventional and generalized side-lobe canceller (GSC) structures beamforming algorithms were employed with a phase array antenna that changed the phase of arrivals in array antenna with common phased array structure antennas. An eight-element uniform linear array (ULA), consisting of di-pole antennas, represented as the antenna array. An anechoic chamber measures the operation of beamforming algorithms performance. An extended modified Kaiser weighting function is proposed to make a semi-adaptive structure in phased array beamforming. This technique is extended to low complexity functions like hyperbolic cosine and exponential functions. Furthermore, these algorithms are used in GSC beamforming. The side-lobe levels were so lower than other algorithms in conventional beamforming around -10 dB. On the other hand, a uniform linear arrays for smart antenna purposes designed to utilize in implementing and testing the proposed algorithms. In this thesis, performance of smart antenna with rectangular aperture coupled microstrip linear array which experimental investigations carried out for obtaining X-band operation of rectangular microstrip antenna by using aperture coupled feeding technique. Frequency range set at approximately 8.6 to 10.9 GHz, by incorporating frequency range of the antenna resonates for single wideband with an impedance bandwidth of 23%. The enhancement of impedance bandwidth and gain does not affect the nature of broadside radiation characteristics. This thesis describes the design, operation, and realization of the beamforming such as Sidelobe level (SLL) control and null forming array antenna are examined with the prototype. An antenna radiation pattern beam maximum can be simultaneously placed towards the intended user or Signal of interest (SOl), and, ideally nulls can be positioned towards directions of interfering signals or signals not of interest (SNOIs). Finally, we focused on the adaptive digitally algorithms in compact antenna that faces with mutual coupling. The variable step-size normalized lease mean square (VS-NLMS) algorithm is implemented in beamforming. This algorithm utilizes continuous adaptation. The weights are attuned that the final weight vector to the most satisfied result. The gradient vector can be achieved by iterative beamforming algorithm from the available data. This algorithm is compared with LMS, NLMS, VSS-NLMS algorithms, it is determined that the VSS-NLMS algorithm is better performance to other algorithms. Finally, we introduced novel adaptive IP-NNLMS beamformer. This beamformer reaches to faster convergence and lower error floor than the previous adaptive beamformers even at low SNRs in presence of mutual coupling. The experimental results verified the simulation results that the proposed technique has better performance than other algorithms in various situations.
Identifier: FA00004789 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2016.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Global system for mobile communications.
Long-Term Evolution (Telecommunications)
Wireless communication systems.
Antennas (Electronics)
Antenna arrays.
Array processors.
Time-domain analysis.
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Links: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004789
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004789
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Owner Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.