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A Computational Study on Different Penalty Approaches for Constrained Optimization in Radiation Therapy Treatment Planning with a Simulated Annealing Algorithm

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Date Issued:
2016
Summary:
Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a cancer treatment method in which the intensities of the radiation beams are modulated; therefore these beams have non-uniform radiation intensities. The overall result is the delivery of the prescribed dose in the target volume. The dose distribution is conformal to the shape of the target and minimizes the dose to the nearby critical organs. An inverse planning algorithm is used to obtain those non-uniform beam intensities. In inverse treatment planning, the treatment plan is achieved by using an optimization process. The optimized plan results to a high-quality dose distribution in the planning target volume (PTV), which receives the prescribed dose while the dose that is received by the organs at risk (OARs) is reduced. Accordingly, an objective function has to be defined for the PTV, while some constraints have to be considered to handle the dose limitations for the OARs.
Title: A Computational Study on Different Penalty Approaches for Constrained Optimization in Radiation Therapy Treatment Planning with a Simulated Annealing Algorithm.
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Name(s): Mohammadi Khoroushadi, Mohammad Sadegh, author
Kalantzis, Georgios, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Department of Physics
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2016
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 69 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a cancer treatment method in which the intensities of the radiation beams are modulated; therefore these beams have non-uniform radiation intensities. The overall result is the delivery of the prescribed dose in the target volume. The dose distribution is conformal to the shape of the target and minimizes the dose to the nearby critical organs. An inverse planning algorithm is used to obtain those non-uniform beam intensities. In inverse treatment planning, the treatment plan is achieved by using an optimization process. The optimized plan results to a high-quality dose distribution in the planning target volume (PTV), which receives the prescribed dose while the dose that is received by the organs at risk (OARs) is reduced. Accordingly, an objective function has to be defined for the PTV, while some constraints have to be considered to handle the dose limitations for the OARs.
Identifier: FA00004765 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2016.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Image-guided radiation therapy.
Radiation--Dosage.
Mathematical optimization.
Evolutionary programming (Computer science)
Medical physics.
Medical radiology--Data processing.
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004765
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Owner Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.