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On Development of Arterial Fundamental Diagrams Based on Surrogate Density Measures from Adaptive Traffic Control Systems Utilizing Stop Line Detection

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Date Issued:
2016
Summary:
Macroscopic fundamental diagram is the concept of the highest importance in traffic flow theory used for development of network-wide control strategies. Previous studies showed that so called Arterial Fundamental Diagrams (AFDs) properly depict relationships between major macroscopic traffic variables on urban arterials. Most of these studies used detector’s occupancy as a surrogate measure to represent traffic density. Nevertheless, detector’s occupancy is not very often present in the field data. More frequently, field data from arterial streets provide performance metrics measured at the stop lines of traffic signals, which represent a hybrid of flow and occupancy. When such performance measures are used in lieu of density, the outcomes of the relationships between macroscopic fundamental variables can be confusing. This study investigates appropriateness of using degree of saturation, as a representative surrogate measure of traffic density, obtained from an adaptive traffic control system that utilizes stop-line detectors, for development of AFDs.
Title: On Development of Arterial Fundamental Diagrams Based on Surrogate Density Measures from Adaptive Traffic Control Systems Utilizing Stop Line Detection.
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Name(s): Dakic, Igor, author
Stevanovic, Aleksandar, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatics Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2016
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 78 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Macroscopic fundamental diagram is the concept of the highest importance in traffic flow theory used for development of network-wide control strategies. Previous studies showed that so called Arterial Fundamental Diagrams (AFDs) properly depict relationships between major macroscopic traffic variables on urban arterials. Most of these studies used detector’s occupancy as a surrogate measure to represent traffic density. Nevertheless, detector’s occupancy is not very often present in the field data. More frequently, field data from arterial streets provide performance metrics measured at the stop lines of traffic signals, which represent a hybrid of flow and occupancy. When such performance measures are used in lieu of density, the outcomes of the relationships between macroscopic fundamental variables can be confusing. This study investigates appropriateness of using degree of saturation, as a representative surrogate measure of traffic density, obtained from an adaptive traffic control system that utilizes stop-line detectors, for development of AFDs.
Identifier: FA00004672 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2016.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Adaptive control systems
Intelligent transportation systems
Traffic engineering
Traffic estimation -- Computer simulation
Traffic estimation -- Mathematical models
Traffic flow -- Computer simulation
Traffic flow -- Mathematical models
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Links: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004672
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004672
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
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Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.