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Tissue-specific requirement of the autophagy gene atg-18 in controlling C. elegans dauer morphogenesis, fat metabolism and adult longevity

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Date Issued:
2014
Summary:
The conserved insulin growth factor IGF signaling pathway is one of the major regulators of lifespan in many species including C. elegans. In C. elegans the insulin/IGF-like receptor is encoded by the daf-2 gene, mutations in which result in lifespan extension, fat accumulation and dauer formation. The daf-2 activity in the nervous system controls these phenotypes cell non-autonomously. Interestingly, the longevity phenotype of daf-2 mutant worms is dependent on macroautophagy hereafter autophagy. Autophagy is a highly conserved lysosomal degradation pathway involved in the removal of long-lived proteins and cytoplasmic organelles. During autophagy, cellular components are sequestered into the double-membrane autophagosomes and delivered to lysosomes for degradation. Increasing evidence has emerged that the autophagy process is a central regulator of lifespan that is required for the effects of DAF-2 signaling, dietary restriction and some mitochondrial mutations on C. elegans longevity. It is unknown however whether autophagy activity in every tissue or in a single tissue mediates the influence of these longevity signals. To address this question, we examined the tissue requirement of autophagy gene atg-18 for the lifespan of wild type animals and the daf-2 mutant. We discovered that neurons and intestinal cells are two key tissues where atg-18 mediates the effect of DAF-2 insulin-like signaling on lifespan, fat accumulation and dauer morphogenesis, suggesting autophagy acts cell non-autonomously in controlling C. elegans dauer formation, fat metabolism and adult longevity.
Title: Tissue-specific requirement of the autophagy gene atg-18 in controlling C. elegans dauer morphogenesis, fat metabolism and adult longevity.
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Name(s): Minnerly, Justin, author
Zhang, Jiuli
Graduate College
Jia, Kailiang
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Poster
Date Created: 2014
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Florida
Physical Form: pdf
Extent: 1 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: The conserved insulin growth factor IGF signaling pathway is one of the major regulators of lifespan in many species including C. elegans. In C. elegans the insulin/IGF-like receptor is encoded by the daf-2 gene, mutations in which result in lifespan extension, fat accumulation and dauer formation. The daf-2 activity in the nervous system controls these phenotypes cell non-autonomously. Interestingly, the longevity phenotype of daf-2 mutant worms is dependent on macroautophagy hereafter autophagy. Autophagy is a highly conserved lysosomal degradation pathway involved in the removal of long-lived proteins and cytoplasmic organelles. During autophagy, cellular components are sequestered into the double-membrane autophagosomes and delivered to lysosomes for degradation. Increasing evidence has emerged that the autophagy process is a central regulator of lifespan that is required for the effects of DAF-2 signaling, dietary restriction and some mitochondrial mutations on C. elegans longevity. It is unknown however whether autophagy activity in every tissue or in a single tissue mediates the influence of these longevity signals. To address this question, we examined the tissue requirement of autophagy gene atg-18 for the lifespan of wild type animals and the daf-2 mutant. We discovered that neurons and intestinal cells are two key tissues where atg-18 mediates the effect of DAF-2 insulin-like signaling on lifespan, fat accumulation and dauer morphogenesis, suggesting autophagy acts cell non-autonomously in controlling C. elegans dauer formation, fat metabolism and adult longevity.
Identifier: FA00005160 (IID)
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: FAU Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00005160
Restrictions on Access: Author retains copyright.
Host Institution: FAU